- Author: Jan van Eyck
- Museum: Cathedral of sv. Bavona (Ghent)
- Year: 1432 ⇐ Click image for larger version
Description of the picture:
The worship of the lamb - Jan van Eyck. 1432
The large altar in St. Bavo’s Cathedral in Ghent was started by Hubert van Eyck (died 1426) and ended in 1432 by his younger brother Jan. On the central panel we see large groups of people gathered under the radiance of the Holy Spirit to worship Christ, who appears as the Divine Lamb on the central altar, surrounded by angels and instruments of the Passion of Christ. In the foreground of the picture is a fountain that serves as an allusion to the promise made in the Revelation of John the Theologian, that all the thirsty will receive water from the well of life.
Jan van Eyck was associated with a high culture that flourished at the court of the Dukes of Burgundy in the early 1400s; his meticulous attention to detail recalls the miniatures in the Burgundian "Magnificent Horology of the Duke of Berry", performed in a cosmopolitan style around the same time. But in the landscape, which opens in the background of the picture, with rocks and distant blue hills, the features of realism are already visible and the use of the artistic perspective characteristic of High Renaissance painting is planned.
LAMB. In the Old Testament, a lamb, or lamb, was often sacrificed to God; both in early Christian and medieval art symbolized the Passion of Christ and the Resurrection of Christ. When depicting the first plot, sometimes the blood of the lamb flowed into the chalice (chalice); in the paintings dedicated to the second story, the lamb could hold a banner with a red cross on a white background. The attribute of John the Baptist is the lamb — an allusion to what he called Christ “the lamb of God,” who takes upon himself the sin of the world.
The lamb can also symbolize the flock, followers of Christ under the protection of the good shepherd, such as, for example, in the ancient Christian mosaic of the mausoleum of Galla Placidia in Ravenna.
Other paintings by Jan van Eyck
Angel Appearance to Myrrh-Bearing Wives
Madonna Chancellor Nicolas Rolen
Virgin and Child
Madonna in the church
Watch the video: Van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece 1 of 2 (April 2020).