Articles

Gzhel Museum


Gzhel Museum is designed to reflect the history of crafts. When creating a museum, it was easiest to assemble samples of local rocks and imported components necessary for the production of porcelain.
Amateurs, keepers of the Gzhel antiquity donated household items and articles of industrial use to the museum. One of the first to join the collection was the old-timers of the craft, donating a samovar and porcelain creamer to the museum, several majolica items from the end of the 19th century. Two majolica plates of the same period entered the museum. Several sculptures of the Kuznetsovsky plant added to the collection from the family heritage of the hereditary ceramists of the Chukhlyaevs dynasty.
The replenishment of the museum’s collection went another way, in a completely unexpected way. And it is connected with the reconstruction. They started digging a construction pit, and immediately after the ground was discovered, there was a mass of shards, and even completely preserved products of various shapes and purposes. Now all these finds can be seen on the museum stands. Almost completely preserved porcelain cup with well-made female portraits, with a red border on top or part of an unglazed jug, apparently dating back to the end of the XIX century, a gift from the locals - two decorative plates, made in the typical Gzhel fashion; All this fills the museum with its art criticism quality.
Looking at the stand of the first post-revolutionary decades, even a non-expert understands: the traditional Gzhel is not here, a complete mix of styles and tastes. The former motives to some extent retain, perhaps, only a heavy, semi-earthenware lion. But in general, the assortment is quite variegated - a family of toy elephants, a majolica firebird based on Ershov's fairy tales, a variety of sculptural groups. Noteworthy here are only two vases, painted by a very young T.S. Dunashova: in the center of the ornament are her favorite famous roses.
The stands clearly read the entire history of Gzhel Soviet. The period of the Great Patriotic War is extremely meager: figures of sailors, parachutists, tankers from unglazed porcelain, simple straight circles, drinking bowls for hospitals.
In the fifties there was still a creative lull in the fields. And therefore, the exposition is dominated by naturalistic sculpture with overglaze multicolor painting: roosters, dogs, and black grouse. But there are already presented the works of famous masters, those who began to revive the original handwriting of ancient crafts. Here is the composition of N. I. Bessarabova "Woman with a spear", N. B. Kvitnitskaya "Balalaechnik", L. P. Azarova "The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish", created after the Pushkin's fairy tale. In each of the sculptural groups one can clearly see the individual vision of the author, his performing style.
The central hall is dedicated to the works of the leading masters of our Gzhel - N. I. Bessarabova, T. S. Dunashova, L. P. Azarova, 3. V. Okulova, V. G. Rozanova. Each is dedicated to a special stand, and together they give a vivid idea of ​​the artistic palette of the present day of fishing. Here in the hall is the bust of the founder of the re-creation of the Gzhel tradition, A. B. Saltykov.
Their place in the exposition of the young, whose products were highly appreciated, specialists and went into production. The demonstration of the products of the association is completed by the stands allocated for the production-ready and promising products.
One of the sections contains materials on the history of Gzhel: archival documents yellowed from time to time, fragments of books of the XVII-XIX centuries, editions of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, modern newspapers and magazines, honorary diplomas and diplomas with which the creative search of crafts artists is crowned. All Gzhel porcelain products are filled with beauty and symbolism.
"Thanks to the creators of the museum! Thank you to the wonderful Russian craftsmen-masters! Best wishes!" - with the record of Yuri Nikulin in the Book of reviews on the mood and meaning, and all the rest.

Watch the video: музей Гжель . The museum Gzhel. (November 2019).

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