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Why is a museum called a museum?


Centuries passed. Both the Museyon and the Library of Alexandria disappeared from the face of the earth. The greatest book collection of antiquity had a tragic fate. In the middle of I century BC. the city entered the troops of the Roman commander Guy Julius Caesar. During the battle with the townspeople began a fire, part of the priceless papyrus died in the fire. Caesar sent quite a few scrolls to Rome as war trophies, but the ship with them, hitting the storm, sank. And in the IV. ne the remains of the book collection were killed during religious clashes between Christians and supporters of pagan beliefs.
However, according to contemporaries, there were also collections of another kind in the Museum: large collections of all kinds of curiosities - tusks of elephants, skeletons of rare animals, sea shells ... They were brought to the “campus” from different lands and carefully kept. What is not a museum collection! True, it was intended mainly only for members of the Museyon.
But almost certainly it was possible to inspect them and other people, such as distinguished guests, who arrived in Alexandria. And, without a doubt, the Egyptian kings from the Ptolemaic dynasty were familiar with these collections of rarities. Already in those old times, people understood that there are such items that need to be preserved and collected, and then used for scientific purposes. Or just wonder and admire them. That is why from Museyona occurred the word museum, now included in almost all the languages ​​of the world. So the history of modern museums is very old. But its sources lead not only to the Alexandrian Museyon.

Watch the video: Inside the world's 'last colonial museum' in Belgium (November 2019).

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