Museums

What collections did Cardinal Richelieu collect

  • A country: France
  • City: Paris
  • Address: Paris, France
In the XVII century. famous art collections of cardinals Richelieu and Mazarin - they are probably familiar to many, not only from history textbooks, but also from the “musketeer” novels of Alexander Dumas. The richest collections of all these famous collectors were made up of paintings, sculptures, porcelain, bronze, watches, carpets, expensive ceremonial armor, which were often true works of art.
Other kings, dukes, the highest hierarchs of the church, and simply rich people tried to keep up with them. A rise of science, which began in the Renaissance, gave rise to new types of collecting: there was a fascination with minerals, samples of plants, insects. In the era of the Great Geographical Discoveries (mid-15th-17th centuries), all kinds of rarities began to arrive in Europe from overseas: Indian bows, arrows and tomahawks, utensils, pipes, clothing.
All these items replenished extensive collections that were kept in the palaces of noble connoisseurs of works of art and various wonders. In the XVI-XVII centuries. Such meetings were often called the German word Kunstkamera - literally "rarities' cabinet."
But the time came, and many palaces with all the works of art and other collections gathered in their halls opened the doors for everyone who wanted to look at them. The French, for example, owe this to the Great French Revolution (1789-1794). The former royal palace - the Paris Louvre became the first art museum in the world, open to the general public. And over time, he was destined to become the largest of the museums.

Watch the video: Philippe de Champaigne: A collection of 32 paintings HD (April 2020).

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