Museums

What did Napoleon do for the Louvre?

  • A country: France
  • City: Paris
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Assembly of the Louvre increased rapidly due to paintings and sculptures confiscated from the clergy and nobles during the revolution. In addition, revolutionary France waged war almost from all of Europe, and priceless works of art captured in the castles and palaces of other countries were sent to Paris as war trophies. This was facilitated by the victorious campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte, first the general of the revolutionary army, then the first consul of the Republic and, finally, the emperor of France.
In the period of the highest power and glory of the emperor The Louvre became known as the Museum of Napoleon. Of course, Napoleon could not fail to contribute to the restructuring of the palace. When it began the construction of another museum wing, and on the square between the Louvre and the Tuileries was built the Triumphal Arch. One of the Napoleonic campaigns turned out to be especially fruitful for the Louvre. In 1798, Bonaparte, at that time still just a general, went to conquer Egypt. In July, his army, having crossed the Mediterranean, landed near Alexandria ...
This military expedition was not quite normal. In addition to the soldiers and officers in the army were listed ... 175 scientists: astronomers, mathematicians, chemists, mineralogists, historians. Bonaparte was going to conquer Egypt seriously and for a long time, and for the Europeans this country was then, in fact, a huge “white spot”. Mysterious, hazy remained at that time and the past of Egypt.
It was known for certain only that for thousands of years there existed the most ancient state, from which remained majestic monuments - huge pyramids. They were incredibly old when Egypt became one of the provinces of the Roman Empire. And over eleven centuries before the march of Bonaparte, the country of the pyramids was conquered by the Arabs. The new lords did not too much favor foreigners, not many of them had been able to visit here since. That is why we know so little about Egypt.
But the French province of Egypt did not. Army Bonaparte mowed disease, hunger, unbearable heat. In August 1799, the general abandoned his thinning army and returned to Paris with a few close friends.
Scientists continued their work. Struck by the colossal size of ancient monuments - temples, pyramids, obelisks, they made up detailed descriptions of them, made sketches. From many of the structures, however, there are only ruins, half-covered by desert sand.
After the campaign of Napoleon in Europe, the "fashion" in Ancient Egypt began. Interest in Egyptian antiquities intensified even more when, after years of hard work, the French researcher Jean-François Champollion managed to find the key to deciphering the mysterious Egyptian hieroglyphs.
And in 1826, after Napoleonic times, Champollion founded the Egyptian art department in the Louvre. It was replenished with finds of the French archeologists. From the very first years, this department was very popular with visitors, and now it has become, in fact, an independent museum in the museum. Ancient Egyptian statuettes, steles, papyruses, jewels, sarcophagi, dishes, household items, wall paintings, decorations and many other exhibits telling about the architecture and art of ancient Egypt, pharaohs, pyramids, religion, everyday life, agriculture, music, the great river Nile, an archaeological site that continues to the ancient land of Egypt and today. Now Egyptian Louvre Collection - one of the most complete in the world. Napoleon could hardly have imagined that this would be the main result of his Egyptian campaign ...

Watch the video: Napoleon III-The Splendor of Napoleon Bonaparte's Apartment in Louvre, Paris (April 2020).

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