Francisco de Goya, biography and pictures

  • Year of birth: March 30, 1746
  • Date of death: April 16, 1828
  • A country: Spain


Famous artist Francisco de Goya was born March 30, 1746 in Fuendetodos in Spain. He began his studies of art as a teenager and even spent some time in Rome to promote his skills. In the 1770s, Goya worked in the Spanish royal court. In addition to orders for portraits of nobles, he created works that criticized the social and political problems of his era.
The son of the guilder, Goya spent part of his youth in Zaragoza. There he began painting at the age of about fourteen. He was a student of Jose Martinez Luzan. He copied the works of great masters, finding inspiration in the works of artists such as Diego Rodriguez de Silva Velasquez and Rembrandt van Rijn.
Later, Goya moved to Madrid, where he began working with the Francisco and Ramon Bayeu brothers at Subías in their studio. He sought to continue his artistic education in 1770 or 1771, traveling through Italy. In Rome, Goya studied the classics there and worked. He presented the picture in a competition held by the Academy of Fine Arts in the city of Parma. While the judges enjoyed his job, he failed to win the top prize.
Through the German artist Anton Raphael Mengs, Goya began to create works for the royal family of Spain. He first painted caricatures of tapestries that served as models in the factory in Madrid. These works showed scenes from everyday life, such as Umbrella (1777) and Ceramics Manufacturer (1779).
In 1779, Goya received an appointment as an artist to the royal court. He continued to grow in status, gaining admission to the Royal Academy of San Fernando the following year. Over time, Goya has created a reputation as a portrait painter. The work "The Duke and Duchess of Osuna and Their Children" (1787-1788) perfectly illustrates this. He skillfully wrote the smallest elements of their faces and clothes.
In 1792, Goya became completely deaf, after suffering from an unknown disease. His style has changed somewhat. Continuing to develop professionally, Goya was appointed director of the Royal Academy in 1795, but he never forgot the plight of the Spanish people, and reflected this in his work.
Goya has created a series of photos called "Caprichos" in 1799. Even in his official work, researchers believe, he cast a critical glance at his subjects. He painted a portrait of the family of King Charles IV around 1800, which remains one of his most famous works.
The political situation in the country subsequently became so tense that Goya voluntarily went into exile in 1824. Despite his poor health, he thought he would be safer outside of Spain. Goya moved to Bordeaux, where he spent the rest of his life. Here he continued to write. Some of his later works are portraits of friends and a life in exile. The artist died April 16, 1828 in Bordeaux in France.

Paintings by Francisco de Goya
Nude mach
Portrait of Dona Teresa Louise de Sured
Portrait of Comtesse de Chinchon
Portrait of Maria Theresa de Bourbonne-Vallabriga on horseback
Portrait of Donna Isabel de Porsel
Portrait of the actress Antonia Zarate
Swing on the balcony
Portrait of Countess Carpio
The shooting of the rebels
Portrait of Don Manuel Osorio and Zunig
Blind man's buff
Saturn devouring his son
Tableware seller

Watch the video: The Life and Works of Francisco de Goya (February 2020).