Grigory Myasoedov - biography and pictures

  • Year of birth: April 19, 1834
  • Date of death: December 30, 1911
  • A country: Russia


Grigory Myasoyedov was born on the 7th (old style of the 19th) on April 1834 in p. Pan'kovo Tula province, (now it is Novoderevenkovsky district, Oryol region) in the family of a small nobleman. My father tried his best to encourage the boy, early in his interest in painting. Education G. Myasoedov began in the Oryol gymnasium, where he took drawing lessons from I. A. Volkov.
In 1853 the young man moved to Petersburg and entered the Academy of Arts, where his teachers were T. Neff and A. Markov.
It so happened that the years of study of the artist came at the time of the crisis that befell the educational institution, which was eventually resolved by the “riot of fourteen”. However, Miasoyedov himself was not a witness of the riot, since he had already completed his studies.
In 1861, while still a student, the young artist created the painting "Congratulations to the Young", for which he was awarded a small gold medal. And in the next 1862, for the painting "The Flight of Gregory Otrepiev" he was awarded a large gold medal. V.V. Stasov referred to these works as one of the first steps towards the development of historical realism in Russian painting. In the future, the historical genre will be present in the artist's work constantly.
After graduating from the Academy of Arts, Myasoyedov as a pensioner went abroad. The artist worked in Florence, Rome, Paris, Spain. The most famous of his works created during this period are Francesca da Rimini, as well as The Funeral of the Spanish Gypsies.
In 1869, Myasoedov returned to Russia. Soon for the painting "Spells" he was awarded the title of academician. Back in Europe, the artist conceived the idea of ​​creating a association of peredvizhniki, as a result, at the end of 1870 the first meeting of the members of this community was organized. In November 1871, the opening of the First Mobile Art Exhibition took place in St. Petersburg, which was then shown in other cities: Kiev, Moscow, Kharkov. This exhibition was presented by the work of G. Myasoedov "Grandfather of the Russian fleet", created in 1871. And in the spring of 1872 the second exhibition took place, where one could see the famous picture of the artist "Zemstvo Lunch".
Grigory Myasoedov showed great interest in peasant life. And if the picture “Zemstvo Lunches” is acutely critical in its direction, then its other works narrate folk beliefs and rituals (“Drought”, 1878-1880; “Winking”, 1876), about the joy of peasant labor (“Kostsy”). The plots of the historical genre were embodied in the paintings "Reading the position of 02/19/1861" (1873) and "Self-immolation" (1884).
The artist was no stranger to landscape painting, his canvases painted in this genre are notable for their expressiveness of motives and at the same time simplicity (The Road in the Rye, Twilight, Gurzuf Rocks, all written in 1881). Sometimes Myasoyedov wrote and portraits, but still cannot be called a portrait painter.
The last years of his life Myasoyedov spent near Poltava in the large estate Pavlenki with a park, a pond and a garden. Here he organized a school of drawing and created the scenery for the local theater.
Grigory Myasoedov died in December 1911.

Pictures of Myasoedov

Suffering time (Mounts)
Zemstvo has lunch
Grandfather of the Russian fleet
Road in the rye
The burning of Avvakum
Autumn morning
Portrait of V. M. Garshin
Congratulations to the young in the house of the landowner
Forest stream
Prayer on the tribute of rain
Pier in Yalta

Watch the video: HalynaMyroslava"To The Light"ГалинаМирослава"На світло" (February 2020).