Artist Kustodiev - biography and description of paintings

  • Year of birth: March 7, 1878
  • Date of death: May 28, 1927
  • A country: Russia


Artistic talent Boris Mikhailovich Kustodiev the representative of Russian painting of the last century known all over the world, gave us a nostalgic world, sunny and joyful, emphasizing in bright colors the feeling of celebration. Being a student of Ilya Repin, Kustodiyev not only inherited the style and style of Repin, but also brought in the game of colors inherent only to him, which involuntarily charges with positive and happiness. It is worth noting that the formation of Boris Mikhailovich as an artist began long before meeting the teacher, this is evidenced by his work, permeated with an echo of children's affections and experiences.
Kustodiyev was born in the family of a seminary teacher in 1878 in the city of Astrakhan. Fate decreed that Boris’s father died when the boy was just over a year old, and the entire responsibility for the upbringing fell on the fragile shoulders of his mother - a 25-year-old widow with four children in her arms. Despite the very modest wealth, the family lived together, and maternal love brightened up the difficulties of life, giving the opportunity to form a creative person. It was her mother, Ekaterina Prokhorovna, who instilled in children a love for high art — theater, literature, painting. Such upbringing clearly defined the future of Boris, and at 9 he already knew what would become an artist.
In 1892, having entered the Astrakhan Theological Seminary, Kustodiev simultaneously began to take lessons from the local painter A.P. Vlasov. With the blessing of Vlasov, in 1896, Kustodiev became a student of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts and after two years he was accepted into the workshop of Ilya Repin. The great artist immediately drew attention to the student, pinning on him great hopes, which later resulted in joint work on a monumental canvas - "The ceremonial meeting of the State Council on May 7, 1901." The result of such a successful start was the thesis defense with a gold medal and internship abroad. On his journey to Europe, the artist set off with a young family, a newly born son and a young wife - Yulia Evstafevna Proshinskaya.
Subsequently, in 1905, paying tribute to the fateful meeting with his love, Kustodiyev built a house-workshop "Terem" near the city of Kineshma, on the Volga. "Terem" became the place of work and creativity of the artist and here, almost every summer, Boris Mikhailovich was embraced by a feeling that is commonly called happiness, inspiring him to be creative and aware of the fullness of life. His beloved wife, who became a faithful assistant, a son and a daughter, in an indestructible concept, the family was reflected in the work of the artist and became a separate big topic in his painting ("Morning").
A year earlier, in 1904, the artist spent several months abroad, in Paris and Madrid, visiting exhibitions and museums. His native spaces called Boris Mikhailovich to Russia and, returning home, Kustodiyev plunged into the world of journalism, collaborating with the satirical magazines "Bugbear" and "Hell-Mail." So, the first Russian revolution prompted him to try his hand at cartoons and caricatures of government officials.
1907 was full of events: a trip to Italy, a fascination with sculpture, membership in the Union of Artists. And in 1908, the world of theater opens up for Kustodiyev - he works as a decorator at the Mariinsky. The popularity of Boris Mikhailovich is growing, the glory of the portrait painter becomes the cause of the famous work of Nicholas II in 1915, but long before that, in 1909, trouble came to the artist's family - the first signs of a spinal cord tumor appear. Despite this, he continues to travel extensively in Europe, receiving the title of academician of painting in the same year. After visiting Austria, Italy, France and Germany, Kustodiyev goes to Switzerland, where he is being treated. Subsequently, in Berlin in 1913, he undergoes a complicated operation.
It would seem that the disease receded and 1914 was marked by exhibitions at the Bernheim Gallery in Paris, by the International Art Exhibitions in Venice and Rome. In 1916, Kustodiyev was re-operated in St. Petersburg, which resulted in paralysis of the lower body and amputation of the legs. Since then, the whole world of the artist - this is his room, memory and imagination. It was during this period that he painted his most vivid and festive paintings depicting provincial life (“Merchant's tea”, “Rural holiday”) and the beauty of his body (“Beauty”).
But cheerfulness and optimism are not able to overcome the disease, which, while progressing, gives the artist a single time to hold an exhibition of his own works during his lifetime in 1920 in the Petrograd House of Arts. The last milestones of life marked by the design of the play "Flea" and participation in the International Exhibition in Paris.
In 1927, on May 26, at the age of 49, Boris Mikhailovich died literally at work on a sketch of the triptych “Joy of work and rest” he had planned. Thus ended the difficult but full of light and joyful notes of the life of the famous artist, who left us with the great paintings that demonstrate a thirst for life and knowledge.

Pictures of Boris Mikhailovich Kustodiev

Pancake week
The merchant's tea
Portrait of Chaliapin
Volga. Rainbow
Rustic feast, 1910
Blue house
Merchant in a fur coat
Merchant with a mirror
Merchant and Brownie
Portrait of Ivan Bilibin
Moscow tavern
Portrait of a woman in blue
Troitsin day
After thunderstorm
Apple orchard
On the terrace

Watch the video: Boris Kustodiev: A collection of 357 paintings HD (February 2020).