Thomas Gainsborough - biography and paintings of the artist

  • Year of birth: May 14, 1727
  • Date of death: August 2, 1788
  • A country: England


Thomas Gainsborough is a famous English portraitist of the 18th century. Born in 1727 in the English large family, the artist.
The talent for painting the boy began to manifest itself in early childhood. There was no such tree, rock, ravine, roadside column, which he could not remember and did not draw them with accuracy by heart.
When Thomas was 13 years old, he went to study in London. Here the boy learns from the famous portrait painter Francis Hymen. The French engraver and landscape painter Hubert Gravelo, who taught Gainsborough French Rococo, influenced his work noticeably. But the painter Antoine Watteau had the greatest influence on the style of creativity of Thomas. The first pictures of the young artist were small landscapes, which he often gave to merchants for a penny. Then Gainsborough took up portraits.
The earliest work with the author's signature of the artist was painted in 1745. Against the backdrop of the landscape, a portrait of a bull terrier was depicted, and on the other side of the painting, Thomas signed "A Remarkably Smart Dog." At the same time, a portrait of a dog owner, Henry Hill, was also drawn.
Over time, Gainsborough began to succeed, and in 1745 he already had his own workshop. In July 1746, the 19-year-old artist creates a family.
Soon Thomas returns to his homeland, where his father dies. But after this sad event came and joyful - the artist had a first daughter, who was named Marie. After a while, he and his family moved to Ipswich, where his second daughter, Margaret, was born.
Gainsbrough's main earnings were portraits in the style of which he imitated Hogarth. From him, he learned the immediacy of perception, more thinking about the similarities, trying to draw everyday human appearance.
At the beginning of 1760, after moving to the resort town of Bath, Thomas became very popular. He paints portraits, performs many orders of local and metropolitan aristocrats. During this period, Van Dijk influences his work, but over time the artist develops his own style. Portraits of Thomas are fanned by ease, elegance and sophistication.
Works Gainsborough begin to be regularly exhibited in London. Especially popular during this period are "Eliza and Thomas Lynl" and "The Lady in Blue". In 1770, the artist paints the famous portrait "Blue Boy", where a boy in a blue suit is compared to the landscape.
Three years later, Thomas finally moved to London. Even King George the Third begins to patronize the artist. It should be noted that in the creative works of Gainsborough landscape plays a more significant role, in contrast to other portrait painters. In his last years of life, Thomas painted delicate, sometimes sentimental portraits of peasants and children, landscapes and genre scenes. He died a famous artist in August 1788.

Paintings by Thomas Gainsborough

Portrait of a lady in blue
Chatting in the park
Portrait of Robert Butcher from Walthamstow
Market Cart
Portrait of Mr. and Mrs. Hallett
Portrait of Mr. and Mrs. Andrews
Boy in blue
Portrait of Mrs. Sheridan
Harvest, lying on the wagon
Girl with pigs
Daughters of the artist, running for the butterfly
Cornard Forest

Watch the video: Thomas Gainsborough bio - from Sudbury, Suffolk - English 18th Century artist HD (February 2020).