Kramskoy Ivan Nikolaevich - biography and pictures

  • Year of birth: May 27, 1837
  • Date of death: March 24, 1887
  • A country: Russia


Kramskoy Ivan Nikolaevich (years of life - 1837-1887) is known to us today as a talented portrait painter and historical painter. His hometown is Ostrogozhsk of the Voronezh province. It was there, in the family of a petty official, that little Vanya was born. He was fond of painting since childhood. At every opportunity, he picked up a pen or pencil and tried to sketch all that he saw around him. Loved to read.
In 1850, after graduating from the county school, 13-year-old Vanya had already begun his career. He worked at first as a scribe, and afterwards as a retoucher from a friend of the photographer, with whom they traveled almost all of Russia. In 1857, they arrived in St. Petersburg, where the future artist decided to stay, hired to work at the photo studio of A. I. Dener. In the same year, Ivan Kramskoy and realized his dream - he enrolled in the Academy of Arts.
Even during his studies, the artist tried to unite around him all the active academic youth. And after graduating, together with other graduates of the Academy, he created the Petersburg artel. It is said that the atmosphere of friendliness and mutual understanding that prevailed there is entirely his merit.
By that time, Ivan Kramskoy had finally found his calling as a portrait painter. His favorite technique at that time was graphic. That we can see today in the portraits of I.I. Shishkina, I. Morozova, G. G. Myasoedova, N.A. Kosheleva and not only.
For some time, Kramskoy taught at the School of Arts at the Society for the Encouragement of Artists. When the Petersburg artel slowly began to disintegrate, he organized the association of mobile traveling exhibitions.
The years 70-80 of the XIX century were for Ivan Kramsky the period when some of his most famous works were written ("Polesovshchik", "Mina Moiseev", "Peasant with Bridle"). Increasingly, the artist in his works united portrait and home subjects ("Stranger", "Inconsistent Sorrow").
Throughout his career, the artist often had to take orders of a church nature, which were for him one of the main sources of earnings.
Thus, it can be said without exaggeration that Ivan Kramskoy was an outstanding figure in the cultural life of Russia in the 60-80s. the century before last. A talented artist, a delicate critic, founder of the St. Petersburg artel, he became the ideological inspirer of a whole generation who set a new direction for the development of such a branch of art in Russia as portrait realism.

Pictures of Ivan Nikolaevich Kramsky

Mina Moiseev
Portrait of Empress Maria Feodorovna
Christ in the wilderness
Inconsolable grief
The girl with a loose scythe
Portrait of Alexander III
Moonlight night
Portrait of Sofia Nikolaevna Kramskoy
Portrait of Tolstoy
Shishkin's portrait
Portrait of Solovyov
Girl with a cat
Nekrasov during the "Last Songs"
Peasant with bridle
Portrait of Botkin
Portrait of the epic tale
Bouquet of flowers. Phlox

Watch the video: Lev Kamenev painter. (February 2020).