Artist Nicolas Poussin - paintings, biography

  • Year of birth: June 15, 1594
  • Date of death: November 19, 1665
  • A country: France


Nicolas Poussin Born in 1594 in the Norman town of Les Andelys. Already in his youth he received a good general education and at the same time began to study painting. At the age of 18, he went to Paris, where he continued his studies under the guidance of the then-famous portrait painter Van Ella, and then with other masters. They helped him to sharpen the technique - visiting the Louvre, where he copied the paintings of the Italians of the Renaissance.
During this period, Poussin gains some recognition. To further improve the skills he went to Rome, which was at that time a mecca for painters of all countries. Here he continued to hone his knowledge, studying the treatises of Da Vinci and Michelangelo, in detail studying and measuring the proportions of ancient sculptures, communicating with other artists. It was during this period that his work acquired the features of classicism, of which Nicolas Poussin is still considered one of the pillars of which.
The artist drew inspiration from the works of classical and modern poets, from theatrical performances, from philosophical treatises, from biblical themes. But even canonical scenes allowed him to depict the reality around him, filling the canvases with impeccably executed characteristic images, landscapes and plans. The skill and already established own style brought the artist recognition in Rome, they began to invite him to paint the cathedrals, ordered him canvases for classical and historical subjects. The “Death of Germanicus” program canvas, which brought together all the features inherent in European classicism, belongs to this period.
In 1639, at the invitation of Cardinal Richelieu, Poussin again comes to Paris to decorate the Louvre Gallery. A year later, Louis XIII, under the impression of the artist's talent, appointed him as his first painter. Poussin was recognized at the court, he began vying to order paintings for his castles and galleries. But the intrigues of the envious local artistic elite forced him in 1642 to leave Paris again and go to Rome. Here he lived to the end of his days, and the last years of his life, of course, became the most fruitful stage in his ego creativity. Poussin at this time began to pay more attention to the image of the surrounding nature, spending a lot of time drawing from life. Of course, one of the best incarnations of this trend in his work was the cycle "Seasons", completed shortly before his death. Like other paintings of the painter, these canvases harmoniously combined naturalism and idealism, which had not left his works throughout Nicolas Poussin’s entire creative life.
The artist died in the fall of 1665 in Rome.

Pictures of Nicolas Poussin

Worship the golden calf
Kingdom of flora
Four Seasons. Autumn
Landscape with Polyphemus
The Martyrdom of Saint Erasmus
Holy family on the stairs
Dance to the music of time

Watch the video: Artist: Nicolas Poussin 1594 - 1665. 192 classic paintings. 4K Ultra HD slideshow (February 2020).