Museum of local lore, Ukraine, Poltava

  • A country: Ukraine
  • City: Poltava
  • Address: st. Constitution, 2
Museum of local lore in Poltava region belongs to the oldest and most famous museums of Ukraine. In 1891, a well-known scientist, Professor I. I. Dokuchaev came up with a proposal for the Poltava provincial zemstvo to establish a natural history museum. Dokuchaev, during various expeditions on soil science, collected a large collection of rock samples, various soils and a vast herbarium.
Initially, the Zemstvo leadership gave the museum a small outhouse, which was located in the territory of the Zemstvo building. After the construction of a new Zemstvo government building, the architect of which was VG Krichevsky, the museum took its place on the third floor. The building itself is made according to the style of the Ukrainian modernist style, the exterior and interior of the interior vividly expressed the Ukrainian theme. In 1909, after visiting Poltava, Emperor Nicholas II expressed his dissatisfaction with the design of the museum. He considered it unnecessarily Ukrainian, and not just belonging to the Russian Empire.
The museum building consists of three floors, the ground floor is basement, it is decorated with pink granite. Above the central part there is a pointed roof with two towers and side risalits. The facade of the building is decorated with emblems of county towns of the Poltava province of the early twentieth century, made of ceramics and majolica. Inside the building is dominated by heraldry with floral and floral designs. The decoration was ordered in the cities of Oposhne and Mirgorod, famous for their excellent masters in ceramics and majolica. On the doors of the main entrance there is a decoration of the carved "tree of life", which gives the building a special touch.
Biologist N.A. Olekhovsky became the first director of the museum. Patron E.N. Skarzhinsky from the city of Lubny was transferred to the museum twenty thousandth meeting and a scientific library, and P.P. Borovsky himself donated a collection of ancient Egyptian art and works of Chinese, Japanese and Indian masters. In addition, the Poltava diocese donated several thousand of the oldest church objects from its vaults.
The interior of the museum
After the revolution, the museum occupied the entire premises of the provincial zemstvo. Exhibits appeared in the museum, thanks to the constant expeditions in the Poltava region in the period up to 1930. In 1941, some of the collection had time to ship to Tyumen and Ufa, a significant part died after the occupation of the Nazis, some were looted by them.
For comparison: before the war, there were more than 118 thousand items in the museum, and after the war only 37 thousand remained. The damaged museum building was restored only in 1964, and the complete restoration of the interiors and re-exposition of the exhibition halls ended only in the early nineties.
Today the museum fund has more than 190 thousand exhibits. Here, visitors are offered to explore the old cold weapons, armor, all kinds of household utensils and religious buildings. In the historical halls there are expositions about the history of the Cossacks on the Poltava land of the 17th and 18th centuries, as well as the “Poltava people during the Great Patriotic War”.

Watch the video: Poltava - Museum of Local Lore (April 2020).