Artist Lucas Cranach the Elder, paintings and biography

  • Year of birth: October 4, 1472
  • Date of death: October 16, 1553
  • A country: Germany


The great German graphic artist and painter of the Renaissance Lucas Cranach the Elder born in Kronach. He is called a true master of biblical and genre compositions, graphic and painting portraits. In his work, he managed to harmoniously synthesize artistic principles of the Renaissance and Gothic traditions. Lucas Cranach the Elder is also considered one of the founders of the "Danube School".
Cranach became famous for a very sophisticated style, in which the landscape and the figures are harmoniously combined. Cranach was the court painter of Friedrich the Wise in Wittenberg - the Saxon Elector, headed a large workshop, and also remained a friend of Luther and a supporter of the Reformation ideas.
The exact date of birth of Cranach the Elder has not been established. It is assumed that it is October 4th. Also unknown is the exact name of his father - in Kronach he worked as an artist. Cranach from birth wore the name Zünder, and later became known as Lucas. He took the name of his native city, which is pronounced Cranach, as his last name.
Researchers suggest that the art of Cranach was originally taught by his father. From early youth, the artist began to wander through Germany in search of his vocation. In 1493 he went to Palestine, in 1501 - to Vienna, where he remained until 1504. His first known paintings refer to the Vienna period. That's when he signed "Lucas Cranach".
In 1508, Cranach became a nobleman. In the same year he arrived in the Netherlands. There he headed the art workshop, where there were about ten assistants. In addition, he combined painting and administrative work with the book trade. Gradually, he also became Wittenberg’s wealthiest burgher, and was elected mayor of the city several times.
As already mentioned, Cranach was a supporter of the Reformation. He illustrated the Protestant pamphlets, several times painted portraits of Luther, his friend, and also financed the publication of the Bible — Luther translated it into German.
In the early works of Cranach reflected a clear innovation of ideas - with their help, he expressed the controversy of the era in which he lived. In the portrait genre, the artist attained great mastery just at the moment when he became a court painter. Many famous contemporaries were imprinted in his works. Remarkably, he did not idealize his customers, although he always treated them with sympathy, but without too much admiration.

Paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of Heinrich the Pious
Portrait of Duchess Catherine of Mecklenburg
Adam and Eve
Portrait of Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon
Portrait of Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous
Hunting deer and boars
Portrait of a young girl
Paris court
Madonna and Child under the apple tree
Portrait of Saxon Prince and Princess
Cupid complains to Venus

Watch the video: Lucas Cranach the Elder: A collection of 394 paintings HD (February 2020).