Isaac Ilich Levitan, biography and pictures

  • Year of birth: August 30, 1860
  • Date of death: August 4, 1900
  • A country: Russia


The great master of the Russian landscape Isaac Ilyich Levitan was born into a large and friendly Jewish family in a provincial Lithuanian town near the Polish border. His “non-Russian” origin to the end of his life will cause humiliation and deprivation, but will not force him to leave the country, which has always been a source of inspiration for him, no matter what.
Financial difficulties forced the artist's family to move to Moscow, where at the age of 13 Levitan entered the Art School. Years of study were full and success and trouble. Not all teachers liked that their student was a Jew. And Levitan's fascination with the Russian landscape seemed to the masters to be fake and insincere. Lucky master with the main teachers - Perov, Savrasovym and Polenov. They were able to discern the future talent in the first timid and uncertain strokes of the schoolboy, therefore they treated student Levitan in a special way.
The early death of parents almost crossed out plans for education. Helped teachers and friends. The young artist works tirelessly. In the late 70s of the 19th century, Levitan met Chekhov. This acquaintance was important for both. It is hard to imagine more spiritually close people, equally talented, equally sensitive to beauty.
During the student exhibition in 1879, one of the works of Levitan's student (Autumn Day. Sokolniki.) For 100 rubles is bought by Tretyakov himself. It would seem that from this point on life must change for the better. But no, in the same year Levitan, like all Jews, is expelled from Moscow. Only a year later, thanks to the efforts of influential friends, he managed to return back.
In the period from 1880 to 1885, the artist creates his famous canvases "Autumn", "Pines", "First Snow". The master becomes famous, his works are popular. In the 85th year, instead of the artist’s diploma, the school issues a diploma of a penmanship teacher to Levitan. Another humiliation affects the health of the artist. He is leaving for the Crimea. The result of this trip was a series of landscapes that received rave reviews from critics.
The next success is the paintings of the "Volga" period of life. Thanks to numerous works created in the vicinity of the town of Plyos, Levitan finally gets rid of financial difficulties, becomes famous. Now the artist goes to Europe. There he meets the best examples of the French landscape. The search for the Impressionists are very close in spirit to the master.
At the very beginning of the 90s, Levitan enters the society of the "Wanderers." His masterpieces appear at the exhibitions of the association: “At the pool”, “Summer”, “October”. And then again the expulsion from Moscow. At this time, so powerful friends were behind the artist that the forced exile in the Tver and Vladimir provinces did not last long, but the humiliation undermined his health even more. It is in his forced exile that Levitan writes one of his most profound and talented works - “Vladimirka”.
In 1894, the artist creates a canvas, which is considered to be the pinnacle of his work - "Over Eternal Peace." None of the Russian artists, before Levitan, in his work approached such high poetry and sensuality in the depiction of nature.
In subsequent years, the artist works tirelessly - "March", "Golden Autumn", "Fresh Wind. Volga" - these are just those that were known as masterworks during the life of the master. In 1898, Isaac Levitan received the title of academician and the right to teach at the Art School. But his health by this time was completely upset.
His last work, filled with sunny optimism and warmth - "Lake. Russia" - he never finished. The heart of the great Russian artist Isaac Ilyich Levitan stopped on August 4, 1900.

Pictures of Levitan

Dusk. Stacks
Lake. Russia
Golden autumn. Slobodka
River valley
Gloomy day
June day
Autumn landscape
sunny day
Birch Grove
Evening. Golden Ples
After the rain. Ples
Silent abode
evening call, evening Bell
Over everlasting peace
Spring. High water
At the pool
Village. Winter
Autumn day. Sokolniki
Autumn. Road in the village
Golden autumn
Evening after rain
Autumn. Hunter
Spring in Italy
Dusk. Moon

Watch the video: The Art Of Isaac ILyich Levitan (February 2020).