Vasily Perov, biography and pictures

  • Year of birth: December 21, 1833
  • Date of death: June 10, 1882
  • A country: Russia


The seal of the "illegitimate" persecuted Perov from birth until the time when the great artist ceased to be someone's son, and became himself - a bright and extraordinary person. His surname is the result of the “witty” nickname he received from his first teacher of the sextonce deacon, given for his graceful pen use.

Little about parents

The artist's father was Baron Kridener, who served as a prosecutor in a distant Siberian province. The coat of arms of the Creedeners is replete with royal lilies, unicorns and roses, which testifies to antiquity and nobility. Many brilliant diplomats who served the Russian Empire in the New and Old World came out of the Creedeners.
Hero's mother - Akulina Ivanova, was the Tobolsk burgher. It is known that she taught the future professor and academician to read. And nothing else is known.
Despite the fact that shortly after the birth of Vasily, Baron Kridener and Akulina Ivanova got married, they could not pass on their surname or title to their father. Vasily was assigned to the Arzamas burgher with the surname Perov.


From the very birth of Vasily, the Cridener family constantly moved somewhere. At first it was connected with the service of the father, then, after the scandal in Arkhangelsk (Baron Kridener was an educated and educated man, but very unrestrained in the language) because of the satirical poems describing all the defendants of the provincial administration, the service had to be left. Now family wanderings were associated with the search for a new service. Petersburg, Livonian provinces, Samara, Arzamas - everywhere had to live with many relatives, which did not make the atmosphere in the family completely happy.
Finally, when the baron lost all faith, he was offered to enter the service of a large estate manager. Seeing his son’s passion for painting, his father decided to send him to Stupin’s private school in Arzamas. Twice a week, the boy attended school. Three months later, the teaching was over (classmates took 13-year-old Perov with them to the birthday party of a certain charmer, after which the driver brought a completely drunk teenager to his home and her mother said: “No!”). After Baron lost his managerial position (well, Criedener couldn’t stop himself from barbing), the family again moved to Arzamas and was placed in an apartment just opposite Stupin’s school. This time, the mother did not let her out of sight of her son, and her studies resumed.


In 1853, the 20-year-old Perov entered the Moscow School of Painting and Sculpture. He begins his studies under the guidance of an experienced teacher Vasiliev, who quickly saw a remarkable talent in the new student and helped him in every way. Already during his studies, Perov received a small silver medal for a modest sketch. Then there will be a lot of them - medals. But this, the first, the artist always remembered with special warmth. The last student work is the painting “First Chin,” which brought the young artist a small gold medal.
At the end of the school, Perov greatly agitated the society with his works: "Rural religious procession on Easter", "Sermon in the village", "Tea drinking in Mytishchi" - every work is a reproof, each one is like a shot at hypocrisy, hypocrisy, cowardice. The clouds begin to thicken over Perov’s head, the Holy Synod is annoyed and annoyed. Only the big gold medal of the academy, obtaining scholarships and departure to Europe pacified the passions. Youth is over.
Perov abroad was boring, despite several wonderful works brought from there. He even appeals to the Academy for permission to return early. Russia needed him for inspiration, for the realization of ideas, for life.
At home, the artist works very fruitfully. Soon criticism and progressive public started talking about the new talent. Each picture causes a storm of enthusiasm among writers and young people, as well as a storm of indignation among conservatives. The plots of the paintings "Troika", "Village funeral", "Drowned", "Last tavern at the outpost" denounce, cry out, call. In each work, the author’s attitude to what is happening, his civic position, his pain is read.
At the same time Perov creates a number of brilliant works telling about the life and joys of ordinary people. Paintings "Sleeping Children", "Hunters on Rest", "Fisherman", "Golubyatnik" delight the viewer with their transparent joy, an atmosphere of love and fun.
We should also mention the pleiad of brilliant portraits painted by artists in the heyday. Dostoevsky, Rubinstein, Ostrovsky, Maikov, Dahl - Perov left to descendants deep psychological portraits of the most talented people of his era. Those who are proud of Russia.
Perov is not only a great artist, but no less a great teacher. Under his leadership, in the Moscow School of Painting and Sculpture, more than a dozen artists grew up, making up the pride of Russian art.
Incomplete half a century Lord Perov let go on mortal life. Tuberculosis, an incurable disease at that time, interrupted the work of the great master. A small hospital in the village of Kuzminki near Moscow became the last refuge of the painter. His ashes now rest in the cemetery of the Donskoy Monastery.

Paintings by Vasily Perov

Seeing off a dead person
Last tavern at the outpost
Drowned woman
Railroad Scene
Tea drinking in Mytishchi
Sleeping children
Orphaned children in a cemetery
Hunters on camp
Easter Rural Procession
Tomb scene
Crying Yaroslavna

Watch the video: Vasily Perov: A collection of 138 paintings HD (February 2020).