William Turner - biography and pictures

  • Year of birth: April 23, 1775
  • Date of death: December 19, 1851
  • A country: Great Britain


Being an innovator in the most conservative state of Europe is not easy at all. This requires courage and self-righteousness. It is especially difficult to create new paths in the visual arts. William Turner succeeded ...
April 23, 1775 in the family of the London barber Turner, the son of William was born. The boy’s childhood was not happy, the mother’s mental illness was to blame. By the nature of William was reticent, even closed. A close person for him was only his father, who did not mind the soul and actively supported him in all his creative endeavors.
Turner Turner was located in the heart of London’s shopping district, Covent Garden. Since childhood, William fell in love with drawing and used every opportunity to run ashore on the Thames and do what he loved to do. The father of the young artist chose the best watercolors from his son's works, inserted them into a frame and hung them on the walls of his establishment. Clients often turned to the owner of the barber shop with a request to sell some of the work, which Turner-father did, praising his son for supplementing the family budget.
Among the clients of Turners were professional artists who genuinely became interested in the works of the young talent. It was on the recommendation of the famous painters that the son of the barber William Turner was admitted to the Royal Academy, he was then 14 years old, and the great Reynolds became his teacher.
Only one year passed, and one of Turner's watercolors was included in the exposition of the Academy's annual exhibition. In the history of prim, and so dependent on all sorts of traditions of England, there had never been a 15-year-old artist taking part in such a solid exhibition ...
The popularity of the young artist grew rapidly. His style, formed under the influence of French masters of romanticism, was liked by the British. Very soon, Turner became financially independent of his father and moved to a prestigious district of the city. In 1802, the 27-year-old artist became the youngest academician in the history of England. Now he could exhibit his work without prior agreement with the commission, became creatively completely free.
Turner was a versatile and solid master. In order to learn how to more accurately convey the motion of water and air on canvas, he seriously studies the physical laws, attends lectures on natural sciences. Gradually, his works are becoming more revolutionary and go against fashion.
Thanks to the support of patrons, Turner sent to the Continent to improve skills. From this trip the master brings a number of paintings, which are considered the masterpieces of his work. Criticism chokes with enthusiasm. One of the theorists even compares it with Rembrandt, which is the highest praise for the artist.
Turner in his work seeks to convey the poetry and variability of nature, gradually ceasing to pay attention to detail, as well as choosing a more and more contrasting combination of colors. Such liberty and emotionality are less and less popular with the public, accustomed to the photographic accuracy of painters, the sentimental sweetness of works and the faded "harmonious" color scheme. The more abstract the master's works became, the more critical the society perceived his new works. It all ended with the fact that the public began to consider the masters not entirely mentally healthy.
Queen Victoria rejected the artistic public's presentation on the gift of a knightly barber to her son. The artist increasingly closed in on himself and often disappeared in a small apartment, which he bought for one of his women.
December 19, 1851 the artist died in the hands of his doctor. For a long time his later work remained forgotten and underestimated.
Only by the beginning of the 20th century it became clear that impressionism had its roots not in the work of the artists of the Barbizon School, but in the work of the English artist William Turner, the son of a London barber.

Paintings by William Turner
View of venice
View of the Grand Canal in Venice
Lake zug
Landscape with a distant river and dam
Rain, steam and speed
Frigate "Fearless"
Sunrise with sea monsters
Battle of trafalgar
Campo Vaccino
Fishermen in the sea

Watch the video: . Turner Film (February 2020).