Artists

Oskar Kokoshka: biography and pictures with titles

  • Year of birth: March 1, 1886
  • Date of death: February 22, 1980
  • A country: Austria

Biography:

Scandal, another scandal and ... silence ...
Sometimes you read about the life of a great man and you are amazed at how many contradictions and incompatible events there are. Oscar Kokoschka is a scandal, a challenge to society, an emotional outburst and provocation.
In Austria-Hungary, there were only two nationalities: Austrian and Hungarian. Everything else is "so", means nothing. When in one country there are fifty of the most diverse peoples, it’s tiresome to take them all into account. It is today Austria and the Czech Republic are fighting for the right to consider Kokoschka, and then ... A boy from the family of a poor jeweler, was born in a small town. On the one hand a town in Austria, on the other - his father was a representative of the famous Czech jewelery dynasty.
Oscar did not make history in its special childhood. Studying diligently, at the insistence of his father after school entered the chemical college. He painted sometimes, but more for himself. His funny pictures - distorted faces, parts of the human body, views from the window - were puzzling both fellow students and teachers. One day, one of the most conservative chemistry teachers casually tossed his student: "All this deformity will be successful in Vienna. The world has gone mad, they have withdrawn to the competition of these abnormals."
Rather, for the sake of curiosity, than hoping for a prize, Kokoschka sends the work to the competition of the Vienna School of Crafts. A month later, as the winner of the creative competition, Oscar was enrolled in students with a scholarship from the Vienna Academy.
The "art" of the young masters occupied Vienna. First he was noticed by Klimt, then architect Loos imposed himself on his patrons. People were not just noticeable in the art world, but the most influential and authoritative masters. Already the very first works were a success with a refined audience, but it turned out that Kokoshka was also a writer. His plays, which he himself designed as a decorator, were one more scandalous than the other. Criticism trashed him on the pages of newspapers, and the public poured on the performance.
One of the exhibitions visited the Austrian emperor himself. Near the work of Kokoschka, the monarch grimaced. It turned out to be enough that the next day Oscar was deprived of scholarships and expelled from the students. But no one could take away his fame.
The fame of the young artist and playwright grew, and there were fans. With the tireless perseverance of Kokoschka wins one love victory after another. All this until he found his real “muse” - the widow of the great Mahler. The pair has excited general interest. The love story was interrupted by the First World War.
Having been captured and wounded several times, Kokoschka was recognized by the military doctors as an unbalanced type, who should not be given a weapon in his hands. With such a diagnosis, he appeared in Vienna.
Exhibitions followed, one, the second ... Everyone suddenly understood (including critics) that "this Czech" is a great artist ... But here in Europe attitudes begin to change. The Nazis come to power in Italy, the Nazis in Germany ... Oscar's creativity falls under the definition of Goebbels - degenerative. All works are withdrawn from museum collections, life is getting harder ... “Hiding” first in the Czech Republic, after two years, Kokoschka is forced to leave his ancestral homeland. He goes to England.
The conservative country did not need the "arts" of a foreign artist. The war years were marked by poverty and the fulfillment of random orders.
But since 1945, Kokoschka’s triumphal return to the motherland began. Museums that refused his works now devote entire halls to his work. Professors, who have not recently called him "degenerate", enthusiastically speak of his new works ...
Life is getting better ... In Austria, Oscar Kokoschka did not stay, he was sick of the whole environment. After working for some time at the Vienna Academy, the artist moved to Switzerland.
The last thirty years of his life have passed quietly and very decently. Kokoschka seemed to be a different person. And only his works remained the same as in the 20s: fabulous, bright, emotional and mysterious.
After the death of the great expressionist, the most prestigious award in the field of modern painting was named after him. Fair


Pictures of Oscar Kokoschka

Red egg
Charles Bridge in Prague
Wind bride
Hans Tietze and Eric Tietze-Konrat

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