Kuindzhi Arkhip Ivanovich - biography and pictures

  • Year of birth: -
  • Date of death: July 24, 1910
  • A country: Russian empire


There are no talented artists in history who would live an ordinary, inexpressive life full of happiness and success. That's because talent is always the same, always ahead of time, always in need of like-minded people. But on the overall difficult and tragic background, Kuindzhi’s life looks quite successful and happy. But this is only at first glance.
The son of the Greek shoemaker Kuindzhi Arkhip early became an orphan. Greek families are large, so the future artist managed to avoid a shelter. He was brought up in the house of his uncle and did not feel at least something deprived. He never received a systematic education, despite the fact that his guardians made efforts to get Arkhip to receive an education. The boy was interested in only one thing in the world - painting, or drawing. His colleagues at the school desk recalled that nothing could tear Arkhip away from his favorite activity. As a basis for his artistic experiences, young Kuindzhi used everything he could see: fences, walls, a sandy beach, billboards. There was no time to study.
The family where Arkhip Kuindzhi was brought up was large, but not rich at all. Therefore, the future great master has learned to work from a very young age. He worked at construction sites, in stores, bakeries. It was in the bakery that the owner, a friend of the guardian, paid attention to his passion for drawing. According to his advice, Arhip goes to Crimea, to Aivazovsky, to be asked to be a student.
Aivazovsky did not see any special potential in a young and impudent teenager and suggested that he paint the fence and generally help with the housework. Only the brother of the great marine painter diminished to training Arkhip. He gave a few lessons to the young Greek. Three years of stay in the workshop of Aivazovsky were not meaningless. Kuindzhi (the change of surname was due to her Turkish sound, which did not simplify the artist’s life in Russia) learned to mix colors and even create her own shades, which earned respect even from a great master.
At the age of 17, Arkhip was hinted that it was time to start an independent life. He did so, settling in the studio to ... the photographer! For five years, Kuinji diligently retouched negatives from a famous photographer. Successes in this difficult task were so brilliant that Arkhip was strongly advised to think about opening his own photo workshop. The businessman from Arkhip failed, but the idea was born ...
In 1865, at the age of 24, Kuindzhi went to Petersburg. He is trying to enroll in an art academy. Unsuccessfully. The next attempt was also in vain. The third time Kuindzhi went to the exams, taking with him his first independent picture. The selection committee, having carefully studied the canvas (the picture was not preserved, only the name is known - “Tatar Saklya in Crimea”), came to the conclusion that the author can easily be given the title “free artist”. The title gave opportunities, but did not give income. It is known that Kuinji was accepted to the Academy only two years later.
The academy was not finished. As soon as Kuinji's skill was recognized by the public and criticism, Arkhip considered his education completed. The 70s of the XIX century were the heyday of the artist. Each new work was accepted with unusual admiration. Criticism choked with delight, the public felled the exhibition.
It is at this time that Kuindzhi’s happy marriage to the daughter of a rich merchant, the triumphant joining the group of “Wanderers”, the search for new shades and ways of depicting light. It was the ability to convey light in Kuindzhi's paintings that attracted and surprised most of all. The artist was the first to arrange mono-exhibitions in darkened halls, achieving striking effects with the help of an electric light beam directed at a picture.
Society expected from the master only masterpieces and nothing more. A decade of hard work drained the artist. His painting "Dnipro in the Morning" did not cause a stir, the critic took the work very cool. For Kuindzhi, this was a tragedy. The artist breaks with the "Wanderers" and ceases to exhibit paintings. The retreat lasted 20 years ...
All this time, Kuinji has been working hard, leading the class at the Academy, but does not exhibit any work. Researchers still guess at the reasons for such a long "silence". Different versions are being put forward: from the banal creative crisis, to the intense search for their new manner. One thing is known, during this period the artist creates about two hundred sketches, which are now accepted as finished works and flawless samples of Russian impressionism.
At the beginning of the XX century "silence" is interrupted. The master exposes several works at once and creates a furore. The last years of his life Kuindzhi unusually rich. He works at the Academy, often goes into the open air, is actively involved in charity.
Kuinji's generosity is admirable. He finances the work trips of young artists to Europe, establishes scholarships for students of the Academy, creates his own foundation. These were years of recognition, fame and well-being.
Kuindzhi died of pneumonia, which he managed to catch in the hot summer of 1910 in the Crimea.

Pictures of Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi

Moonlit night on the Dnieper
After the rain
Ukrainian night
Dnieper in the morning
Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane
On the island of Valaam
Evening in Ukraine
Chumachi tract in Mariupol
Birch Grove
Forgotten village
Ladoga lake
Autumn thaw
Snowy peaks
Sun spots on frost
Steppe. Niva
Red sunset

Watch the video: Arkhip Kuindzhi: A collection of 177 paintings HD (February 2020).