Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec: paintings and biography

  • Year of birth: November 24, 1864
  • Date of death: September 9, 1901
  • A country: France


By right of birth, the life of Toulouse-Lautrec was to be successful, calm, and pleasant. The descendant of two ancient noble families at once, from infancy, was deprived by the fate of the need to "stand out in people" and strive to occupy a position in society. All this he had by birth ... But Henri did not take advantage of any advantages of his noble origin.
Up to 13 years old, his life was no different from the life of his peers from aristocratic families: private teachers, life in the family castle, summer at the resort. The trouble came when the future artist turned 13 years old.
The magic of the "unlucky" number haunted Toulouse-Lautrec all his life. The thing is that aristocratic origin. The grandmothers of Lautrec were sisters, parents were cousins ​​... At that time, the aristocrats sought to preserve the "nobility of blood" and were looking for suitable spouses for their children. The close kinship in the Toulouse-Lautrec family bore offspring.
Having survived a hip fracture twice, Henri simply stopped growing. Being a completely healthy person, Toulouse-Lautrec remained small, his height never exceeded 152 cm.
Mother tried her best to cure her Henri, but nothing helped. Doctors shrugged, fractures provoked the manifestation of a genetic disease ...
Low growth crossed the dreams of a military career, politics. In accordance with the ideas of society about the aristocracy, Henri Toulouse-Lautrec had to turn into a recluse and minimize appearance in the world. But this is not the way Count Henri was born.
Drawing a boy carried away during the illness, when due to fractures and could not walk. The bones grew together, but the passion became more and more important for the young aristocrat.
The training was not systematic and deep. Henri went from one teacher to another until he felt confident in painting. He was inspired by the Impressionists.
Gradually, Henri's favorite place was Montmartre, which at the end of the 19th century was an area of ​​rather ambiguous. Among circus artists, artists, habitues of numerous cafes, prostitutes and pimps, Henri felt freer, more confident, more harmonious. Here, no one paid attention to his physical imperfection, communicated with him on an equal footing, everyone didn’t care about his aristocratic background.
Failures in love greatly influenced the character of Toulouse-Lautrec. All his novels ended in a fiasco. Understanding and sympathy he found among women of easy virtue at Pigalle Place.
Active creative work in drawing posters, advertising posters, writing pictures, creating prints and graphic works, absorbed it completely. The inspirers of Lautrec were the inhabitants of Montmartre.
Criticism is very cool attitude to the work of the master. His innovative techniques, unusual, unprecedented color and strong influence of Japanese art, which can be seen in any of the more than a thousand works by the author, seemed to European art critics to be "a simple idea and desire to get a cheap effect of novelty."
Despite an abundance of orders, Toulouse-Lautrec received official art recognition only after his death, and his works served as the starting point for painting Art Nouveau.
The artist died in the arms of his mother. He died, like most of the inhabitants of Montmartre - from syphilis and alcoholism, before they were 37 years old.

Paintings by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Dead rat
Marcel Lander dancing in Chilperic
Yvette Gilber singing Linger, Longer, Loo
Cafe Ambassador
Mademoiselle Dio at the piano
Exam at the Faculty of Medicine
In the Salon de Moulin
Woman with umbrella

Watch the video: Henry De Toulouse-Lautrec Biography from Goodbye-Art Academy (February 2020).