Petrov-Vodkin Kuzma Sergeevich: Pictures and Biography

  • Year of birth: November 5, 1878
  • Date of death: February 15, 1939
  • A country: Russia


This talented artist is mostly familiar to us from the famous painting "Bathing the Red Horse", written in 1912 and traditionally perceived as a forerunner of the revolution in Russia, although the master himself interpreted it as a subconscious feeling of the coming war (First World War). In fact, the artist was a very diverse gifted person and was engaged not only in painting, but also in ceramics, paintings and creation of scenery for various theatrical scenery.
He was born in a simple family of hereditary shoemakers in the town of Khvalynsk of the then Saratov province, in 1878. His father became famous for being the only shoemaker in the whole city who did not touch alcohol. The reason for this was the terrible tragedy of childhood, which gave the son the name "Vodkin" and the strongest aversion to alcohol. His father, in a drunken stupor, slaughtered his wife and soon died himself in terrible agony. Since his father's name was Peter, his children acquired the surname Petrov, and in the meantime the nickname was Vodkin.
When Sergey Vodkin married Anna Petrova, a double surname arose naturally, which was inherited.
Young Kuzma was not going to become an artist, he studied at the elementary school and planned to become a railroad worker. However, as sometimes happens, fate decreed in its own way. Acquaintance with the iconography struck the young man, and he began to try his hand at art. He began to study in Samara with Fedor Burov, but his training was interrupted by the death of the latter.
Fate once again intervened in the life of the master, when his work caught the eye of the famous architect Robert-Friedrich Meltzer. He took a young man to St. Petersburg, where he helped with his studies at the Central Technical Drawing School of Baron Stieglitz, which later became better known to us as the Mukhinsky School.
The first work of Petrov-Vodkin as a mature independent artist perfectly preserved to this day. This is an icon in majolica technique on the wall of a church in Alexander Park. It impresses at the same time both the canonicity of the image and the innovative execution.
In 1897, the artist moved to Moscow, where he studied at the School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in the class of Valentin Serov until 1905. For the next three years he travels and studies in various European countries. At this time, modernism and symbolism had a strong influence on his paintings. However, later he has his own original manner of writing, which can be considered a fusion of realism and several modern trends in painting at once.
In 1911, the artist became a member of the World of Art association; after 8 years, one of the co-founders of Wolfil, the Free Philosophical Association, which existed until 1924.
In the Soviet period, the work of the master were in demand. He painted canvases, worked on graphics and created scenery, taught, wrote articles on art and enjoyed the literary work.
In 1932, he became the first chairman of the branch of the Union of Soviet Artists in Leningrad. The master died in 1939, leaving behind a huge material and spiritual heritage.

Pictures of Petrov-Vodkin

Bathing red horse
Death commissioner
Morning. Bathers
Our Lady's Affection for Evil Hearts
Portrait of a boy
Morning still life
1918 in Petrograd

Watch the video: Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin-F. Schubert: Allegro giusto (April 2020).