Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov, paintings and biography

  • Year of birth: February 18, 1780
  • Date of death: December 16, 1847
  • A country: Russia


Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov was born in Moscow on February 18, 1780 into a merchant family. His ancestors came from Greece, who moved to Russia in the first half of the 18th century.
The boy studied in one of the Moscow guesthouses and soon became interested in painting. He independently copied pictures of old masters and painted his friends. At first, he was assisted by a certain old artist Pakhomych, who taught him to prepare paints and to stretch canvases. Also young Alexey painted pastels quite well.
In 1807, the future artist moved to St. Petersburg and entered the service in the Postal Chancellery. In his free time he goes to the Hermitage, where he studies and copies the works of famous painters. It is known that young Venetsianov took lessons from V. L. Borovikovsky.
At the beginning of his career, Alexey Grigorievich worked as a portrait painter. At the same time, Venetsianov decided to publish a caricature magazine, but his release was banned by censorship.
In February 1811, Venetsianov presented his self-portrait, painted in oil, to the Academy of Arts. For this work, he was appointed to the Academy's students, and in September, for the portrait of KI Golovachevsky, they were given the title of academician.
During the war of 1812 Venetsianov produced a series of engravings with a caricature of the French nobility of the Russian nobility. The artist also continues to paint portraits of contemporaries and heroes of the past.
In the late 1810s, the painter appeals to the images of peasants. At this time, he marries MA Azareva and buys a small estate in the name of his wife - the villages of Tronikh and Safonkovo ​​in the Tver province. Soon, Venetsianov’s two daughters, Alexander and Felitsata, are born.
In 1819, A. G. Ventsianov, with the rank of a titular adviser, left the service and devoted himself entirely to painting. He settled in his estate and began to paint pictures from peasant life.
In 1824 Venetsianov went to St. Petersburg to show his new work to the public at an academic exhibition. His paintings were received favorably. The artist decides to receive the title of professor of painting, but the Art Council rejects his work. His paintings "Barn", "Cleansing of beets" and "Morning landowners" were bought by Emperor Alexander I.
In 1825, the artist was forced to return to his estate and take care of the household. There he had a plan to teach painting to talented peasant boys. The artist bought some of them from their owners. He kept them at his own expense, drove to the Hermitage. From the pupils of Venetsianov many famous artists subsequently came out.
In 1828, Emperor Nicholas I summoned Venetsianov to Petersburg for the execution of one delicate assignment. It was necessary to rewrite the portrait of A. N. Golitsyn, spoiled by the English artist George Dow. Having fulfilled the commission of the king, Venetsianov also achieved the liberation of the serf artists of the Englishman.
In 1830 A.G. Venetsianov turned to the emperor for financial help. He needed money for the existence of an art school and his family. The emperor granted the petition. The artist was given a one-time payment and was invited to an audience with the king. Alexey Gavrilovich was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir of the 4th degree and was awarded the title "Artist of the Emperor" with the payment of an annual salary.
After the death of his wife, the artist devoted himself entirely to his students. In his estate, he built a special pavilion, where he conducted classes. For older students, he found orders for writing church iconostasis. With the money, I bought materials, as well as food and clothing for the students. Pupils rode to him from all over the country. Those whom he could not take on his studies, Venetsianov gave money to buy materials.
Already an older master spent more time on his educational activities. He himself wrote less and less work. In St. Petersburg, he began to publish his articles on contemporary artists. Among them, many sought to make acquaintance with Venetsianov. Sometimes he painted portraits of his Petersburg acquaintances.
In the winter of 1863 the artist broke the paralysis, from which he recovered with difficulty. With grief, Venetsianov observed how the “peasant” genre he had discovered became fashionable. Young painters began to draw not the truth, but beautiful pictures, to please the viewer. By the time the artist was deprived of the annual salary, his estate was mortgaged. He arranged an auction of his works, and almost all of them were sold out. However, the collected amount was barely enough to pay off debts and donations to the St. Petersburg Children's Hospital.
All requests from the artist for permission to teach at the Academy of Arts were rejected. The last years of his life Venetsianov spent in his estate. He already did not go anywhere, he was not interested in life in the capital, and everyone began to forget about him. The artist died in the winter of 1847 as a result of an accident. Horses carried sleds. Venetsianov tried to stop them, but he got entangled in the reins, and the horses dragged his body along the ground.
The master's death went unnoticed in Petersburg, but he left a deep imprint on Russian art, first singing a simple peasant and giving way to many of his students.

Pictures of Venetsianov

On arable land. Spring
Threshing floor
Peasant children in the field
Girl in a plaid scarf
Peasant woman with cornflowers
Peasant woman with a scythe

Watch the video: Alexey Venetsianov Paintings! (April 2020).