Dutch painting

The Virgin and Child on the throne in the temple (triptych), Jan van Eyck, 1437

  • Author: Jan van Eyck
  • Museum: Dresden Gallery
  • Year: 1437
  • Click image for larger version

Description of the picture:

The Virgin and Child on the throne in the temple. Triptych - Jan van Eyck. 1437. Oak board, oil. The central part - 27.5x21.5, the side - 27.5x8

This small work is a true masterpiece of Dutch art of the 15th century. In the central part of the triptych - Virgin Mary and Child in the luxurious interior of the Gothic cathedral, seated on a magnificent carved throne between two rows of multi-colored columns of jasper and marble.
Left wing depicts Archangel Michael ("the leader of the heavenly host"), dressed in mail and armed with a shield, spear and sword. He represents the Virgin and the Donor Child, the triptych customer. The name of the man is unknown, it is assumed that he is from the Genoese clan Giustiniani. On the right flap - Saint Catherine of Alexandria with traditional attributes, "tools" of her martyrdom: a sword in hand and a torture wheel at her feet.
The text given on the triptych is of great importance. These are quotes from the Bible and other Latin maxims. The baby holds a message with the text, the so-called parcel post: "Learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart." On the original frames of all parts of the picture there are inscriptions, on the lower plank of the central panel in Latin it is written: "Johannes de Eyck completed and completed the summer of the Lord 1437. How I managed." These words were readable only in 1958, almost 520 years after the creation of the triptych! Until that time, it was believed that the work belongs to an earlier period of the master's work.
The small size of the work allowed the owner to transport it. The technique of the artist is striking in delicacy: the smallest details are written out, which can be viewed only through a magnifying glass. At the same time, the increase does not detect a single uncertain smear, nor the slightest error in the drawing.

Other paintings by Jan van Eyck
Chet Arnolfini
Angel Appearance to Myrrh-Bearing Wives
Worship the lamb
Madonna Chancellor Nicolas Rolen
Madonna in the church

Watch the video: Masaccio, The Virgin and Child (April 2020).