Hercules, who is also Hercules, is known to have accomplished a dozen feats at the request of King Eurystheus. The eighth feat was the abduction of cannibal horses from King Diomedes. The cruel treacherous king, who sent all foreigners to be devoured by his black beauties, tried to recover his property and entered into a fight with the ancient hero.
Like all other forms of art, sculpture in the USSR, almost always, was in the tenacious hands of ideology and was obliged to serve the state. In the first years of the existence of the “country of soviets”, artists were free to choose the form of their works and stylistic performance. However, the sculptures that the state needed (heroes of the revolution, founders of the Marxist doctrine, etc.)
There is no richer in sculpture in Russia than the northern capital in Russia. Masterpieces here can be found on the main streets and squares, parks and squares, not to mention the museums and galleries. If you pay attention to each work that is available to everyone, then the article will turn into an extensive essay, so we will focus on the main masterpieces.
Despite the fact that almost all the sculptures are replaced by copies on the main square of the Renaissance capital Florence, the main masterpieces are here. David The ideal of male beauty, the biblical hero, the winner of the giant, was installed on the central square of Florence in a difficult time for the city. Sculpture has become a symbol of the fight against strong opponents, among whom was even the Pope.
It is difficult to imagine a city with a large number of various sculptures, monuments, monuments than Prague. Historical, religious, modern sculptures adorn almost every street, square, alley, park of the city. One of the features of the Czech capital is the abundance of modern urban sculpture, unusual, unusual, controversial, and so attractive.
The sculpture of the peoples of Africa has long attracted connoisseurs of the whole world for its originality and dissimilarity to the usual works of traditional Western art. The undoubted advantage of the works of African masters is their peculiar understanding of the reality of the image, as well as the sacral nature of all art.
It was in Germany that the most ancient sculpture in Europe was found not so long ago. This female figure is 5 millennia older than the numerous "Venus" Paleolithic. Therefore, it is Germany that can be called the birthplace of sculpture art in the Old World. Of the earliest examples of sculpture from medieval Germany, the relief from Hornhausen (German soldier on horseback, VII century) and the crucifix of Gero in Cologne Cathedral (X century) are best preserved.
Samara is full of monuments, urban genre sculptures, monuments. History spared the city, almost all the monuments preserved from the beginning of the 20th century. Of course, not all of them are of artistic value, but on the other hand, there are many unique, unusual and very ingenious sculptures. Of the city’s oldest sculptures, the plaster bust of Pushkin (by Reitlinger) has been preserved.
The memorial complex dedicated to the defenders of Stalingrad is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the most monumental building. Construction of the complex began shortly after the end of the war. The entire project of the monumental complex was created under the leadership of the great Russian sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich, who had already created a memorial in Berlin’s Treptow Park by this time.
The most popular monument of Krasnoyarsk is the sculpture of a silver horse, symbolizing the horse of that boyar son, who determined the place of the fortress, next to which the city grew later. The author of the sculpture is Alexander Artyomov. Surprising extraordinary accuracy and accuracy of the image. It is known that the author was advised by a professional veterinarian.
Capital status and the centuries-old history of Moscow imply a very large number of very different sculptural monuments. The vast majority of the monuments are made by famous and talented authors. Many cause controversy among art historians and ordinary Muscovites. Some are ambiguously evaluated by historians.
Kiev is the most beautiful city in Europe, an important role in creating an extraordinary atmosphere of the city is played by its monuments and sculpture. Historical monuments The ancient history of the Ukrainian capital is rich in events and personalities. Among the historical monuments, two stand out: the monument to Vladimir the Holy and Bogdan Khmelnitsky.
Chelyabinsk is a city of Soviet monuments, covered with legends and tales. Among all, special attention should be paid to the monument to Lenin on Revolution Square. Local sculptors Golovnitsky and Zaikov created a dynamic, dramatic sculpture, not like hundreds of other faceless monuments to the leader. Lenin seems to be in motion, overcoming resistance, in defiance.
The streets of Omsk are full of sculptural monuments so unusual, astounding that this city can rightly be called the repository of modern urban sculpture in Russia. Along with non-standard monuments, there are many traditional historical and modern monuments. The most famous monument of Omsk - the sculpture "Stepanych", which is an image of a locksmith in the sewer.
Like any island culture, Japan is special in everything. It is known that the sculpture here appeared before painting and the traditions of this type of art are very ancient and ancient. Religious sculptures Most of the inhabitants of the “land of the rising sun” adhere to Shinto religious beliefs. However, there are also many Buddhists here.
The standard of socialist realism was the name given to this monumental work of Vera Mukhina, which became one of the main symbols of the USSR. The idea of the sculpture belongs to the architect Iofan, who came up with the idea of combining the ideas of two ancient statues at once - "Tiranobortsev" (Critius) and "Nick Samothraki" (unknown author).
Sochi is a difficult city and it has never been easy. In the summer season, millions of people rest here, and the rest of the time the city is preparing for the next season. Despite this, Sochi has its own history, and therefore historical sculptural monuments. However, there are not so many of them, so special attention should be paid to urban sculpture, more symbolic than artistic.
One of the most famous sculptures of the USSR is essentially a central figure of the triptych, which includes the monument "Rear - to the front!" in Magnitogorsk and "Warrior the Liberator" in Berlin's Treptow Park. The idea of a monumental composition - a sword forged in the rear, caught the Motherland, and lowered it - the Soldier-Liberator.
Ukraine is a big country, in every major city there are a lot of different sculptural monuments. In its subject matter, the monuments of Ukraine are not much different from the monuments of Russia. There are many sculptures of the Soviet period. Several monuments dedicated to the memory of the victims of the Second World War. But in each city there are very unusual, informal and unique urban sculptures.
The symbol of "Gypsum" socialist realism, the sculpture "Girl with a paddle", has experienced hundreds of rebirths and reincarnations. Glorified by poets of the Soviet era, adorning hundreds of parks in the USSR, the very first sculpture was created by sculptor Ivan Shadr back in 1935. The first "version" was 12 meters high and was supposed to decorate Gorky Park.
The peculiarity of the “creator of the Vatican” was that he participated in the creation of his sculptural masterpieces at all stages, starting with the selection of a marble block and its transportation to the workshop. The master did not trust anyone, even the simplest of shipping and handling. As if he had already seen his work in a huge boulder and already treated it as a repository of a future masterpiece.